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facts in brief

Part of Ramage's map,1878
Part of Ramage's map,1878

Facts in brief:

Captured by Seljuq Turks 1071; flourished under Seljuq sultans early 1200s; controlled by Ottomans 1515; occupied by troops from Russia 1829, 1878 & 1916-1918; site of first Turkish nationalist congress July 1919, which preceded the Turkish Republic.

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