Back to Historic Cities Main Page

| Historic Cities Main Page | Gibraltar |


facts in brief

Part of anonymous map, ~1785
Part of anonymous map, ~1785

Facts in brief:

Rocky, narrow peninsula of strategic importance, coextensive with British crown colony; was known to the Greeks & others as one of the Pillars of Hercules; fortified by Tariq the Moor in 711; retaken by Spanish in 1462, & conquered by Britain in 1704; official language is English, though Spanish is widely spoken.

"Gibraltar" is derived from "Jabal Tariq" - "Mount Tarik" in Arabic, for the conquerer Tariq ibn Ziyad.

Courtesy of Getty Thesaurus of Geographic NamesTM (
Copyright 2000 The J. Paul Getty Trust. All rights reserved.

You are visitor no.