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Cologne / Köln

facts in brief

Part of Sebastian Munster map of 1550
Part of Sebastian Munster map of 1550

Facts in brief:

Located on W bank of Rhein; was Roman fortification; captured by Franks in 456; seat of powerful archbishop, town became independent in 1288; member of Hanseatic League; declined in Thirty Years' War of 17th cen.; Prussian from 1815; destroyed in WW II.

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