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facts in brief

Part of Braun and Hogenberg IV-7 map
Part of Braun and Hogenberg I-7 map

Facts in brief:

Independent county until 1248; held by counts of Artois and Flanders, dukes of Burgundy and Hapsburgs; ceded to France by Treaty of Nijmegen 1678; severely damaged in World Wars I and II; still dominated by its 14th century belfry; noted for coal mines.

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