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Al-Iskandariyah / Alexandria

facts in brief

Part of Braun and Hogenebrg II-56 map
Part of Braun and Hogenebrg II-56 map

Facts in brief:

Located on narrow strip of land between Mediterranean Sea & Lake Mariut, now partially submerged; was center of Hellenic scholarship & science in Antiquity; built by Greek architect Dinocrates for Alexander the Great; was renowned capital of Ptolemies; noted for library & great lighthouse on Pharos; captured by Caesar in 48 BC; taken by Arabs in 640, by Turks in 1517; famed for convergence of Greek, Arab & Jewish ideas; occupied by French 1798-1801, by British 1892; evacuated by British in 1946.

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