Facts in brief:
The seaport of Cork in County Cork is the second-largest city in Ireland. Located on the River Lee at the head of Cork Harbor, it has been the site of settlement since at least the 7th century, when a monastery was founded there. It was raided and burned by Norsemen in 821, 846, and 1012, after which they settled there and built walls around the settlement. The English held it from the 12th century for a long period. In 1919-1920, the city became a site of Irish military resistance and was partially burned by the British. Cork has two 19th century cathedrals and Queen's College, now part of the University of Ireland. Cork has been famous for its butter market since the 17th century. It is also the site of the world's first yachting club founded here in 1720, taking advantage of its excellent natural harbor. Industries include food processing, motor vehicle assemblage, oil storage, and electric power generation. The 2003 estimated population was 193,400.
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